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35% Of Micro Plastics In Oceans Are From Synthetic Textiles

14 September 2018 | Updated 10 October 2018
 

Each time an item of clothing is washed up to 700,000 microscopic fibres make their way into our oceans, where they are swallowed by sea life and become incorporated into the food chain, potentially ending up on our plates, according to a new report by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers.

The report entitled ‘Engineering Out Fashion Waste’ highlights that garment aftercare affects an item’s carbon footprint and advocates for individuals to wash their clothes at a lower temperature, use mesh laundry bags to catch threads, rely on tumble dryers less often or install filters on washing machine waste pipes.

It also highlights the extent to which fashion is a thirsty industry, one which contributes significantly to global water pollution.  It is also is energy-intensive, producing 1.2 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent (CO2e) in 2015 – more emissions than international flights and maritime shipping combined.

The Institution calls for urgent action to tackle the waste produced over the lifecycle of an item of clothing. This includes addressing water-intensive processes during manufacturing, such as removing excess dyes and tackling the problem of disposing of a garment at the end of its life; three-fifths of all clothing produced is sent to landfill or incinerated within a year of being made.

Aurelie Hulse, lead author of this report said: “We need to build on existing industry initiatives and fundamentally rethink the way clothes are manufactured, including the fibres used.  Garments should be created so they don’t fall apart and so that they can be recycled after they have been worn for many years.  Fabrics should be designed not to shed microfibres when washed and industry needs to look at how efficiencies can be made in the cutting process, which currently sees 60bn m2 of cut-off material discarded each year.”

Dr Jenifer Baxter, Head of Engineering at the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, said: “The garment industry is one of many that has a threefold impact with emissions to air, water, and large amounts of waste produced for landfill and incineration. This means that to create a sustainable fashion industry we need to address all of these areas and engineers are producing solutions that range from greater efficiency in machinery and water use to new materials with reduced shedding.

Given that it has been estimated that there are 20 new garments manufactured per person each year and that consumers are buying 60% more than in 2000, these environmental implications must be addressed urgently.”

‘Engineering Out Fashion waste’ recommends three priority areas for action:

1. The UK Government, in collaboration with the fashion industry, should invest in initiatives which provide incentives for the development of more environmentally friendly fibres.

2.  The Government should work with the fashion industry and manufacturers to develop a comprehensive framework to tackle ‘greenwashing’ or false sustainability claims.

3.  The Government, fashion industry and manufacturers should support the development of mechanical and chemical fibre recycling technologies, particularly those which are able to separate blended fibres.

 

Picture: Image from the Fashion Waste Report

Article written by Robin Snow | Published 14 September 2018

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